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stand•ard



Pronunciation: (stan'durd), [key]
n.
1. something considered by an authority or by general consent as a basis of comparison; an approved model.
2. an object that is regarded as the usual or most common size or form of its kind: We stock the deluxe models as well as the standards.
3. a rule or principle that is used as a basis for judgment: They tried to establish standards for a new philosophical approach.
4. an average or normal requirement, quality, quantity, level, grade, etc.: His work this week hasn't been up to his usual standard.
5. standards,those morals, ethics, habits, etc., established by authority, custom, or an individual as acceptable: He tried to live up to his father's standards.
6. a grade of beef immediately below good.
7. the authorized exemplar of a unit of weight or measure.
8. a certain commodity in or by which a basic monetary unit is stated. Cf. gold standard, silver standard, bimetallism, monometallism.
9. the legally established content of full-weight coins.
10. the prescribed degree of fineness for gold or silver.
11. Brit.a class or grade in elementary schools.
12. a musical piece of sufficiently enduring popularity to be made part of a permanent repertoire, esp. a popular song.
13. a flag indicating the presence of a sovereign or public official.
14. a flag, emblematic figure, or other object raised on a pole to indicate the rallying point of an army, fleet, etc.
15. Mil.
a. any of various military or naval flags.
b. the colors of a mounted unit.
c. (cap.) a U.S. Navy radar-guided surface-to-air missile with a range of 10–30 miles (16–48 km).
16. Heraldry.a long, tapering flag or ensign, as of a monarch or a nation.
17. something that stands or is placed upright.
18. a long candlestick or candelabrum used in a church.
19. an upright support or supporting part.
20. Armor.a standing collar of mail.
21. Hort.a plant trained or grafted to have a single, erect, treelike stem.
22. Bot.a distinct petal, larger than the rest, of certain flowers; a vexillum.

adj.
1. serving as a basis of weight, measure, value, comparison, or judgment.
2. of recognized excellence or established authority: a standard reference on medieval history.
3. usual, common, or customary: Chairs are standard furniture in American households.
4. manual; not electric or automatic: standard transmission.
5. conforming in pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary, etc., to the usage of most educated native speakers, esp. those having prestige, and widely considered acceptable or correct: Standard American English; standard pronunciation. Cf. nonstandard (def. 2).
6. authorized or approved: The program was broadcast on the standard broadcast band.

Random House Unabridged Dictionary, Copyright © 1997, by Random House, Inc., on Infoplease.

stand-alonestandard atmosphere
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